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How is glaucoma diagnosed?

Glaucoma is not simply an increase of ocular pressure, but the loss of optical nerve function as a result of heightened intraocular pressure (IOP). Therefore, every case of ocular hypertension is not necessarily glaucoma, but every glaucoma is considered a progressed case of IOP. Glaucoma is only an official diagnosis when heightened inner-eye pressure has caused damage to the optic nerve and doctors see this through digital imaging. 

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